EPT II Year 2 Activities conducted under OHCEA Ethiopia (November 2015– October 2016)

The summary about each of the above activities are mentioned below.

1.    Sub-activity 2.1.2 providing research support for postgraduate students enrolled in graduate programs

This grant is considered as a support to post graduate students who are doing their research on areas related to one health. By the time the country office has received budget, Post graduate students at each of the institutions in Jimma University had already submitted their proposals to each of their departments. Hence the country team had agreed to select important proposals to be awarded from these submitted proposals. Communication was made to each of the department heads in both institutions regarding the availability of grant for students who have submitted proposals related to one health.

The focal persons together with each of the department heads have reviewed & selected 8 important proposals of students (i.e. 4 from Veterinary School & 4 from Public Health College). This selection was then endorsed by the Deans of the respective schools. Some time was given for the students to enrich their proposals based on the comments provided by the respective advisors & the focal persons. These 8 proposals were then submitted to the IRB of Jimma University College of Health Sciences for review & each had received an ethical clearance letter to conduct the research.

This  8 approved proposal’s title are;

  1. Sero-epidemiological investigation of toxoplasmosis in small ruminants and human in selected districts of Kefa zone, south western Ethiopia (By Jalel Negero, agraduate student at School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University).
  2. Seroepidemiological study of brucellosis in small ruminants and humans: The case of Omo Nada district of Jimma zone, South west (By Amina Abdurahman, a graduate student at School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University).
  3. Prevalence and There Drug Susceptibility Pattern of Salmonella Species in Apparently Healthy Slaughter Cattle Meat in Jimma Municipal Abattoir. Jimma, South West Ethiopia (By Samson Takele, a graduate student at College of Health sciences, Jimma University).
  4. Assessment of awareness on food safety and hygienic practices among small holder egg and broiler producers in Seka district of Jimma Zone, south-western Ethiopia (By Gezali Abafaji, Graduate student at School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University).
  5. Prevalence of Occupational Injuries and Associated Factors among Small-Scale Industry Workers in Arba Minch Town, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. (By Abayneh Tunje, a graduate student at College of Health Sciences, Jimma University).
  6. Isolation of extended spectrum beta lactamase producing E.Coli from food producing animal product in Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia. (By Mengistu Abayneh, a graduate student at College of Health Sciences, Jimma University).
  7. Sero Prevalence of Hepatitis E Virus for mothers in working contact with domestic animals in catchment area of selected health centers in Jimma zone south west Ethiopia. (By Belayneh Dimah, a graduate student at College of Health Sciences, Jimma University).
  8. Intestinal tuberculosis risk perception of raw milk consumption & associated factors in South West Ethiopia. (By Likawunt Samuel, a graduate student at College of Health Sciences, Jimma University).

-       Finally the above winning proposals were sent to the technical team at secretariat & UMN for a final review and endorsement.

-       After the regional/UMN approval, each student will be awarded with 1000$.

2.    Sub activity 4.2.1 Multi-sectoral applied research grants for faculty

The country office had a plan to support 4 multi sectoral applied research grants of faculty in both institutions. In Jimma, an RFA was posted throughout the campus to request for proposals related to the one health concept. The country office had received a total of 20 proposals applications before the deadline date of the RFA. Then a review committee involving 4 senior faculties from both institutions in Jimma was established. These committee members were selected based on their technical expertise, knowledge about one health & long term experience.

This includes; From College of Health Sciences, Mr Negalign Birhanu and Dr Seid Tiku and their selection was endorsed by the Dean of College of Health Sciences, Prof. Abraham H/Amlak. Similarly, from School of Veterinary Medicine, Dr Debela Hunde & Dr Takele Sori were selected & this had been endorsed by Dr. Hailu Degefu, the Dean of School of Veterinary Medicine. The committee was responsible to review the proposals received from faculties & the focal persons were also part of the team, providing additional support for the committee when necessary. 

 The review committee has followed two step review process; the first one is a preliminary review to identify proposals that were not strictly following the RFA. This preliminary review has took three days & results on the selection of 14 proposal from the 20 submitted.

The second review was conducted to make the detailed review for those proposals that passed the preview screening. This particular screening process was based on the detailed review criteria adopted from OHCEA regional secretariat.

The committee had made a very critical review and selects four OH proposals i.e. two from Jimma University Veterinary School & two from College of Health Sciences.

This 4 selected proposals are;

  1.  Timeline of zoonotic disease outbreak detection and reporting in human and animal sectors, Jimma Zone

Investigators

-       PI: Lamessa Dube (Bsc, MPH)
-       Co-PI: Abiot Girma (Bsc MPH)
-       Co-PI: Wubit Tafese (DVM, MSc)

2. Antimicrobial resistance profile of different clinical isolates against third generation cephalosporins among patients in Jimma University specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia.

Investigators

-       Fanta Gashe (MSc, Assistant Professor of pharmaceutics)- PI
-       Mekidim Mekonnen (MSc, Lecturer of Medical Microbiology )
-       Gemechu Zeleke (MSc, Lecturer of pharmacology)
-       Eshetu Mulisa (MSc, Assistant Professor of Pharmacology)

3.  Socio-demographic determinants and incidence of Mycobacterium infection and community perception from gender perspective on its zoonotic importance in South Western Ethiopia 

Investigators

-       PI: Dr. Dechassa Tegegne (Unified DVM and Msc degree), Department of Microbiology and Veterinary Public Health.
-       Co- PI: Mr. Wakjira Kebede (Msc) , College of health science department of medical laboratory and pathology Veterinar

4.    Assessing Potential Impacts of Ongoing El Nino Event on Food Security of Households Livelihood in the South Western Ethiopia.

     Research Project Team

-       Principal Investigator: Tadesse Mosissa (M.Sc, Ecohydrological Modeling,  Department of Natural Resource Management)
-       Co-investigators: Takele Abebe (M.Sc, Hydro meteorologist, Department of Climate Change Information, Jimma Branch),
-       Alemayehu Addis (PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental health)
-       Dechassa Tegegne (Dr. Veterinary Microbiology and Public Health)

The above 4 winning proposals were then submitted to the IRB at Jimma University College of Health sciences & each had received an ethical clearance letter to conduct the research. These proposals together with their ethical letter were sent to the technical team in secretariat & UMN at the beginning of this month for a final review and endorsement.  After regional approval, each proposal will be awarded 4000$ budget from OHCEA Ethiopia to conduct the research.

3.    A TOT Training on One Health Risk analysis

Risk analysis training was conducted from 6th to 10th May 2016 in Addis Ababa Harmony Hotel involving 31 delegates from different government bureaus & Ministerial offices, professional associations as well as faculties from both Jimma & Mekelle.

Before this training, a Pre-training workshop was conducted for 2 days on 4th & 5th May 2016 in Addis Ababa Harmony involving the focal persons, the national risk analysis module development teams as well as Prof. Fernando Sampedro, a risk analysis expert from University of Minnesota and Dr Abebe Wosen, a technical advisor of one health activities in Ethiopia under the Predict & Response Project of USAID.

This specific workshop was intended to finalize the training modules & also to agree on the 5 day sessions of the risk analysis training.

Then out of the 5 national risk analysis module developing teams, 4 of them was selected to deliver this TOT Training together with Professor Fernando Sampedro.

The TOT Training was delivered for 5 consecutive days from 6th to 10th May 2016 in Addis Ababa Harmony Hotel.

The participants of the training were mainly of different government offices at Jimma & Mekelle Health Bureau, urban Agriculture Bureau, Zonal livestock, Disaster prevention & response and also from different professional association in Addis Ababa like Ethiopian Public Health Association (EPHA), Veterinary Association (EVA) as well as from Ministry of Livestock & Fishery, National Animal Health Diagnosis & Investigation Centre (NAHDIC) and Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI).

4. Sub activity 2.2.1 Seminar on Infectious Disease Detection, Prevention & Response

The One Health student club at Jimma University has organized a seminar on infectious disease detection, prevention & response in line with the Global Health Security Agenda on 7th May 2016. This seminar was conducted inside Jimma University College of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine Main Hall involving 120 graduate & few post graduate students, which most are members of the One Health student club. The seminar was given by Prof. Jean Mukherjee, an infectious disease expert from University of Tufts. She has delivered a very educative presentation on an Introduction to infectious disease in general in line with the issue of Global Health security agenda (GHSA).

 After the presentation, a brief discussion was made among the participants following which a movie named ‘Contagion’ was projected. The movie focuses on infectious disease detection, prevention & response strategies.  A logo competition for Jimma University One Health Student club was announced so that the students will participate in the design. The facilitator of the session, Mr. Lemessa Dube from College of Health Sciences, has announced the competition informing the students that the designer of the winning Logo will get the necessary recognition & also be awarded. 

A T- shirt with the one health information & important logos of the OHW was distributed to each of the participant students. On the second day i.e. on 8th May 2016, Prof. Jean has delivered a brief seminar on how to deliver a community outreach activities. This specific seminar was given to 100 pre-selected One Health student members and it was intended to build their capacity in delivering infectious disease awareness raising community outreach activities.

The seminar was started with a presentation by student Gelana, Jimma University student One Health club leader. The presentation lasted about 15 minutes and the main themes of the presentation were how the club gets organized and activity report since its establishment on October, 2015.

Thereafter, Prof. Jean had presented a slide on ‘community engagement’ with a group exercise on how to engage a community on their own problems. Accordingly, students were assigned into eight different groups. Within the groups

, students from different department were assigned.

After discussing in groups, each group presented for the whole audience of the seminar for about 5 to 10 minutes followed by a short discussion. Some of community problems

The session was finally ended by a closing remark by Prof. Jean and in her remark she has appreciated the activities done so far by Jimma University One Health student Club members including the awareness creation campaign on rabies disease conducted in two of the high schools in Jimma and also tried to highlight the interest that University of Tufts has as a partner institution in supporting the one Health student club activities. picked by participants were rabies, anthrax, zoonotic diseases in general and solid waste management problems.

5.  Sub activity 5.1.2 Country Work planning of Year three

A country Work planning meeting was conducted on 13th & 15th May 2016 in Addis Ababa, Harmony Hotel. Prior to this country work planning, an institutional work planning was conducted separately in Jimma & Mekelle involving faculties at College of Veterinary Medicine & Public Health in both institutions. Institutional Work Planning session of Jimma was conducted on 7th May 2016 involving 11 delegates including the focal& different department heads from both Veterinary & public health schools.

The institutional work planning of Mekelle was conducted on 9th May 2016 & it has involved the deans also. Both work planning sessions was intended to make faculty at each institution contribute to the year 3 work plan & to ensure the institutional representativeness of the plan. The Country Work planning which was  conducted in Addis Ababa Harmony Hotel has involved 23 delegates including the OHCEA Program manager Dr Irene Naigaga, Dr Berihu G/Kidan dean of Mekelle University College of Veterinary Medicine, Dr Gebrehiwot Tadese the board member, the 4 focal persons, the admin.’s, two faculties from each of the institutions, Project finance leader Mrs. Zinash Degefe as well as Dr Hellen Amuguni from University of Tufts, Dr Thiery Nyatanyi,  Mrs Lillian Leku & Mrs Sarah Nnayanzi from regional secretariat.

Work planning session was started by an opening remark by the program manager, Dr Irine Naigaga following which Dr Thiery Nytanyi presented a brief slide of implementation plan of Yr two work plan of Ethiopia & he has tried to fill on the implementation plan template of year 2 activies.

Together with the country team & the rest participants, Activities implemented so far were marked complete in the template & actual implementation dates were filled for planned activities to be finalized within year two. This template is then shared by Dr Thiery with all the participants.

The finalized work plans prepared at institution level at Jimma & Mekelle was presented separately by Dr Berihun Afera & Dr Moti Yohannes. A brief presentation was then given on the general year three work planning process & the guidance as well as brain storming on year 3 activities.

Then based on the delivered information, participants started working in groups with each group working on the different four objectives. In between each group, had presented its finalized work in each of the assigned objectives then a review & comment was then given to each group to correct it. A brief presentation was made by the UMN Finance manager Mrs. Lillian Leku on budgeting guidelines & also Mrs Sarah Nanyanzi has given highlights on financial accountabilities.

Finally after a thorough discussion & group work on the work plan justifications, budgeting & timeline, an assignment was given to the focal person, Dr Berihun Afera to collect & merge all the 4 group works and share with the country team in preparation for the regional Work planning session in June.  The meeting adjourned @ 5:00 PM after a closing remark by Dr Berihu G/Kidan Dean of College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University.

6. Sub activity 2.2.2 Community outreach activity

The One Health student club at Jimma University has organized a community outreach activity on solid waste management in Bosa kito & Hermata Kebele of Jimma Town on 4th June 2016. The sessions were delivered to 100 model families in the kebele’s. The One Health student club members have given the awareness session on solid waste 

management in collaboration with the health extension workers in both places. Dr Seid Tiku, from Jimma University College of health sciences department of Environmental Health and Dr Hailu Degefu, from School of Veterinary Medicine has leaded the students as a mentor & activity leads.

This awareness session is expected to raise the knowledge of these model families in the kebele regarding scientific solid waste management techniques. This will likely contribute to the efforts being made to prevent infectious diseases in the community.

 

7.  Sub activity 2.2.3 student’s debate on infectious disease detection, prevention & response

One Health student club at Jimma University has organized student’s debate on anthrax disease on 18th June 2016 at Honey land Hotel. The session has involved 179 participants in which most are Jimma University One Health Student Club members & some faculty from College of Health Sciences & College of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine.

The session started with an opening remark by Professor Kifle Woldemichael & in his remark he tried to address the importance of the OH approach in addressing most of current health related problems. He has appreciated the important contribution that the OH student club has been doing since its establishment & also congratulates graduating club members highlighting that their wonderful contribution to this club will never be forgotten & they should continue advocating the OH concept in each of their future work areas.

Following the opening remark, the current JUOHSC Chairperson student Gelaneh Kusse has delivered a brief presentation about the Club including activities conducted within the last Nine months since its establishment on October 2016. In his last slide he re-announced an official logo competition which is open to all the students in Jimma University.

Dr Dechasa Tegegen, from Jimma University School of Veterinary Medicine who is currently a delegate of the focal person Dr Moti Yohannes has presented a ppt on emerging infectious disease & One Health. In his slides he tried to address the meaning of emerging & reemerging infectious diseases, the contributing factors, some examples of emerging & reemerging diseases and also the importance of the one health concept.

After the two brief presentations, the students had 15 minutes TEA BREAK.

 Returning from the tea break, the debate judges have taken their places. The judges include;

  1. Dr Mukerim Abdurahman – from School of Veterinary Medicine
  2. Mr. Shimeles Ololo – from College of Health Sciences
  3. Dr Assefa Kebede – from School of Veterinary Medicine

The first sessions before the tea break were facilitated by OHCEA Country administrator Mrs. Samrawit Ketema & the second half session was facilitated by Dr Muluemebet Abera from College of Health Sciences. The students in the two debating groups have taken their assigned seats;

GROUP 1

  1. Ms. Mulu Shiferaw – Nursing
  2. Abera shiferaw – Veterinary Medicine
  3. Waktole Yadeta – Veterinary Medicine                   

GROUP 2

  1. Boru Midekiso – Veterinary Medicine
  2. Tesfaye Gemeda – Environmental Health
  3. Worku Abebe – Public Health Officer

The debate has focused on Anthrax disease; introduction, pathology, epidemiology, prevention & treatment options as well as the OH approach. The two groups have conducted a very hot discussion & debate on each assigned section about the disease.  The debate has continued for about an hour. Until the results of the debate are finalized by the judges, student Atsede Milashu has presented an excellent poem on the importance of One Health to the audience. 

As most of the current club members are graduating this year, a certificate of participation was prepared for 63 graduating club members. The certificate was given by Prof. Kifle Woldemichael. Then the results of the debate were announced by one of the judges, Mrs. Shimeles Ololo. The winner of this debate has become group two. An award session was conducted & the winning group got a certificate & 1TB hard disk while the second group got a certificate & a leather note book. The last awarding session was for the 12 executive board members of Jimma University OH Club. Each one of them has received a certificate of appreciation & 1 TB hard disk.

As most of the executive board members are graduating this year, the last agenda of this session was to select new board members to replace the outgoing ones. This session was led by OHCEA focal person Prof. Kifle & the current club Chair student Gelaneh Kusse. The chances were given to students in each of the departments to choose one person who can represent the department in the executive council of the club. An hour were given to the students to discuss in groups in each of their departments and come up with 01 representative. 

After selection & announcement of the new 12 executive board members, agreement were made to select the new chair, vice chair, secretary & finance of the club among themselves after the session. Lastly the focal person, Prof. Kifle Woldemichael has made a closing remark & the session was officially closed at 1:00PM. Finally there was a group photo and the participants had networking lunch.