Rationale for BA Degree Programme in Afan Oromo and Literature
The Department has been offering BEd degrees in Afan Oromo for at least half a decade. However, by offering BEd degrees with the existing curriculum, it would not be possible to meet the diverse demand for graduates in Afan Oromo in the region. Thus, in order to fulfill the existing needs and the future demand of trained manpower in the language, be it offering services in various government and nongovernmental offices or teaching in high schools and teachers' training institutes and colleges, it has become a matter of paramount importance to review the existing curriculum. It struck the Department as crucial to design new core courses so as to produce qualified personnel in the language who can work as teachers, public relation officers, journalists, reporters, artists, civil servants, and others.
To this end, starting from the 2008/2009 academic year, the Department has been offering training to award a BA in Afan Oromo and Literature in regular, summer and distance programmes.
The following also serve as justification for reviewing the existing Afan Oromo curriculum:
- The use of Afan Oromo has become extremely important, not only at regional level but also at national level in the new socio-political and cultural priority of the Ethiopian government, emphasising the role of Afan Oromo for development, trade, trans-ethnic communication and overall national development.
- The current demand for Afan Oromo BA graduates at regional level, in institutions, governmental offices, and judiciary bodies has significantly increased. It is therefore vital to employ Afan Oromo alumni in diversified fields like public services, institutions, and governmental and non-governmental organisations.
- According to the informal feedback from Afan Oromo alumni and information from schoolteachers, supervisors, directors and students during mentor training, graduates exhibited a lack of subject knowledge and basic skills. This indicates that modification in the current curriculum is essential.
- The curriculum professionals have also argued at different workshops and seminars that the add-on curriculum approach is assumed to be the best alternative to solve the existing educational problems.
Despite the serious challenges (like shortage of qualified professionals, lack of experienced manpower and limited resources), the Department has been running its programmes with a few committed instructors and had graduated over 600 professional teachers before 2011 in regular programmes and about 700 graduates through extension and summer in-service programmes. At the moment, the Department has eleven members of staff, of which five are on study leave for PhDs.
At the end of three years of training, the graduates must fulfill the following requirements:
- A cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of 2.00 or over
- A major GPA of 2.00 or over
- Completion of total credit hours of 112
- No "F" grades
- A senior essay write-up as a partial fulfillment for the requirement of BA degree.
Duration of the Programme
Three years of theoretical and some relevant practical training are needed.
- The first four letters (AFOL) represents the Department that is Afan Oromo and Literature
- The first digit of the three sequences of numbers represent year or class of student
- The middle digit represents subject type
- 0 represents one of the two similar courses offered in onesemester1 represents skills and research courses
- 2 represents literature courses
- 3 represents language and linguistics courses
- 4 represents journalism and communication courses
- 5 represents one of the three similar/different courses having similar
The code number is offered in one semester and the third digit stands for the semester.
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